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Half Day Tour To City of the Dead in Cairo

0 Day / 1 Night
from/per person $52

Description

Our Cairo Day Tour to City of the Dead Usually Starts at 12:00 afternoon egyloveTours Expert Licensed Tour Guide will Pick You up from your hotel then you will be transferred by Private A/C Vehicle to a place near by the City Center of Cairo where the City of the Dead or ``Qaraafa, Araafa`` Located. it`s about a four mile long cemetery from northern to southern part of Cairo, Egypt. To the people of Cairo and other Egyptians, it is simply el'araafa is an Arabic Egyptian word which means "the cemetery". It is a bustling grid of tombs and mausoleums where people live and work Amongst their dead and ancestors. Many residents live here to be near their loved ones, or because they were forced from more crowded areas in Cairo and 60s immigration from countryside. In fact many came from their villages simply looking for work — a good example of rural to urban migration in an LEDC.Its foundation dates back to the Arab conquest of Egypt in 642 AD. The Arab commander, Amr ibn al As, founded the first Egyptian Arab capital, the city of Al Fustat, and established his family's graveyard at the foot of the hill al Moqattam. The other tribes buried their dead within the living quartiers. The following Arab dinasties built own political citadel northwards to the previous, founding a new graveyard every time. The Great Qarafa and the Lesser Qarafa (the commander's family cemetery) have been inhabiting since the first centuries after the conquest. Its first resident nucleus consisted of the custodians to noble graves and the staff in charge of the burial service as well as the Sufi mystics in their khawaniq (colleges). During the Fatimid Caliphate, because of their Shi'ite faith, the sovereigns supported pilgrimages to Ahl al Bayt (Prophet's family) shrines as part of their politics. These pilgrimages increased the cemetery's habitat in order to provide pligrims' needs. The following sultan, Salah el Din, in order to unify all the four capitals within a surrounding wall, included both cemeteries in an unique urban space. The next Mamluk rulers, originally freed slaves forming a military caste, founded a new graveyard named Sahara, because of its deserted environment,outside the city at its north-eastern border. It was also a place for military parades, such as tournaments and investiture ceremonies, as well as for processions, at which sultan and nobles took part during the religious celebrations. So that many of them built their palaces on the main road of the cemetery in order to assist to the spectacles. With the Ottomans (1517-1798) Egypt became just a mere province of a vaste empire with Istanbul as capital. During the following three centuries Egypt was ruled by pashas, sultan's representatives, selected Among his closest because of the importance of this country for agricultural and financial supplies. Because of the short term of the rulers' office, only few of one hundred and ten pashas who administrated Egypt, decided to build own tomb there, on the contrary of Cairenes. At the beginning of the sixteenth century an urban and heterogeneous community, populated Al Qarafa. The economic improvements affected the urban territory of Cairo with the birth of new neighbourhoods which caused a reduction in the utilization of the old cemetery. However since the funerary monuments were symbols of self-glorification for the upper classes in order to perpetuate own memory, their tombs were garlanded with gilded decorations with festoons, based on nature, flowers and fruits. The necropolis, because as a site of extraordinary concentration of awalya's tombs, Sufi colleges and madrasa, it attracted many people in search of baraka (blessing). During the following centuries Egyptian population empoverished more and more. The lower stratum of middle class collapsed and moved to other peripheral zones and the fellahin, the Egyptian peasants and farmers, emigrated to the capital. Both of them crowded the poorest fringe zones as well as the City of the Dead. The newcomers changed Al Qarafa's face from an urban district to a hybrid community of rurals and citizens. Following the 1992 earthquake many people were forced to move into family tombs thus adding to the number of people already living there. around 15:00 pm Transfer you Back to Your Hotel.     Prices: Quoted Per Person in u.s.d  

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